This is a handy list of common herbs and there benefits.
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|Plant Group||Major Phytochemicals||Primary Healing Actions||Single Herb Examples|
|Aromatic/Pungent||Essential oils, resins, allyl-sulphides, glucosinolates||Stimulating (warming or hot), drying (disperse moisture and stagnation), diaphoretic (stimulates perspiration), carminative, expectorant, decongestant, antiseptic, cold and flu remedies||Aromatic: Eucalyptus, chamomile, peppermint, sage, rosemary, oregano, thyme, lavender, fennel
Pungent: Capsicum, ginger, horseradish, clove
|Bitters||Alkaloids, iridolds, anthraquinonne glycosides||Detoxifying (enhance elimination), cooling (reduce inflammation and fever), blood purifying, laxative, liver protective||Goldenseal, Oregon grape, yellow dock, milk thistle, cascara sagrada, buckthorn, sarsaparilla, burdock, dandelion root, yucca, gentian, orange peel, Iobelia, chocolate, myrrh gum, hops|
|Salty||Mineral salts||Nourishing (supplies minerals and nutrients), softening (breaks up hard masses), gently detoxifying||Red clover, nettles, alfalfa, horsetail, oat straw, dandelion leaf, chickweed, mullein, celery, barley grass, parsley|
|Sour||Organic acids (citric, malic and abscorbic acid), flavonoids||Cooling (reduces inflammation and fever), antioxidant, nourishing and refreshing, protect cardio- vascular system||Lemon, hawfhorn, plantain leaf, schizandra, elderberry, grape, bilberry, mangosteen, lyceum, willow bark|
|Astringent||Tannins||Tightening (contract tissue and arrest discharge), styptic (stops bleeding), vulnerary (helps wounds heal), counteracts venom||White oak bark, uva ursi, bayberry root bark, red raspberry, yarrow, lady’s mantle, eyebright, kudzu|
|Mucilant||Mucilage, gums, pectins||Soothing (reduces irritation and inflammation), absorbent (absorbs moisture and toxins), vulnerary (tissue healing), decongestant, bulk laxative||Psyllium hulls, slippery elm, marshmallow, dulse, gum arabic, guar gum, fenugreek, okra|
|Sweet||Immune stimulating poly-saccharides, fructans, saponins, phenylpropanoids, glycosides||Tonifying (strengthens body structure and function), adaptagenic (helps body adapt to stress), immune-stimulating, energizing (builds energy reserves),||Licorice, ginseng, stevia, dong qual, eleuthero root, astragals, bee pollen|
|Source: Steven Horne, RH (AHG). Understanding Nature’s Pharmacy: Mastering the Unique Properties of Herbs.
SoundConcepts (NaturesTools.com), 2009, p11.
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